subject

subject
I ['sʌbdʒɪkt]
nome
1) (topic) soggetto m., argomento m.

to change o drop the subject cambiare argomento, lasciare cadere l'argomento; to raise a subject sollevare una questione; while we're on the subject of... — visto che siamo in tema di

2) (at school, college) materia f.; (for research, study) soggetto m.

her subject is genetics — è specializzata in genetica

3) art. fot. soggetto m.
4) (focus)

to be the subject of an inquiry — essere l'oggetto di un'inchiesta

5) ling. soggetto m.
6) (citizen) suddito m. (-a)
II ['sʌbdʒɪkt]
aggettivo
1) (subservient) [people, race] asservito, sottomesso
2) (obliged to obey)

to be subject to — essere soggetto a [law, rule]

3) (liable)

to be subject to — essere soggetto a [flooding, fits]; essere assoggettabile a [tax]

prices are subject to increases — i prezzi possono subire aumenti

flights are subject to delay — i voli possono subire ritardi

4) (dependent)

to be subject to — dipendere da [approval]

"subject to alteration" — "soggetto a variazioni"

"subject to availability" — (of flights, tickets) "in base alla disponibilità"; (of goods) "salvo venduto"

III [səb'dʒekt]
verbo transitivo
1) (expose)

to subject sb. to — esporre qcn. a [insults]; sottoporre qcn. a [stress]

to be subjected to — dover sopportare [noise]; essere oggetto di [attacks]; essere sottoposto a [torture]

to subject sth. to heat — esporre qcs. al calore

2) lett. (subjugate) sottomettere [race, country]
* * *
1. adjective
((of countries etc) not independent, but dominated by another power: subject nations.) sottomesso
2. noun
1) (a person who is under the rule of a monarch or a member of a country that has a monarchy etc: We are loyal subjects of the Queen; He is a British subject.) suddito
2) (someone or something that is talked about, written about etc: We discussed the price of food and similar subjects; What was the subject of the debate?; The teacher tried to think of a good subject for their essay; I've said all I can on that subject.) soggetto, argomento
3) (a branch of study or learning in school, university etc: He is taking exams in seven subjects; Mathematics is his best subject.) materia
4) (a thing, person or circumstance suitable for, or requiring, a particular kind of treatment, reaction etc: I don't think her behaviour is a subject for laughter.) motivo
5) (in English, the word(s) representing the person or thing that usually does the action shown by the verb, and with which the verb agrees: The cat sat on the mat; He hit her because she broke his toy; He was hit by the ball.) soggetto
3. [səb'‹ekt] verb
1) (to bring (a person, country etc) under control: They have subjected all the neighbouring states (to their rule).) assoggettare, sottomettere
2) (to cause to suffer, or submit (to something): He was subjected to cruel treatment; These tyres are subjected to various tests before leaving the factory.) sottoporre
- subjective
- subjectively
- subject matter
- change the subject
- subject to
* * *
subject (1) /ˈsʌbdʒɪkt/
a.
1 soggetto; assoggettato; sottomesso; sottoposto; esposto: subject nations, nazioni soggette; subject tribes, tribù sottomesse; Even foreigners are subject to the laws of the country, anche gli stranieri sono soggetti alle leggi del paese; I'm subject to tremendous headaches, vado soggetto a tremende emicranie; to be subject to envy, essere esposto all'invidia
2 (leg.) subordinato (a condizioni, restrizioni, ecc.)
subject to, salvo: Subject to correction, these are the facts, salvo errore, i fatti sono questi □ (comm.: di un prodotto) subject to availability, se disponibile; salvo venduto □ (banca, fin.) subject to collection, salvo incasso; salvo buon fine (abbr. S.B.F.) □ (comm.) subject to sale (o subject to goods being unsold), salvo venduto □ (di un popolo, ecc.) to be held subject, essere assoggettato; essere tenuto in sudditanza □ (comm.) All prices (are) subject to alteration, tutti i prezzi sono suscettibili di variazione.
♦ subject (2) /ˈsʌbdʒɪkt/
n.
1 soggetto (anche gramm.); argomento; oggetto (di esame, esperimento, ecc.): the subject of the speech [of the book], il soggetto del discorso [del libro]; (gramm.) Every verb has a subject, ogni verbo ha un soggetto; to change the subject, cambiare argomento; to drop the subject (o to let the subject drop) lasciar cadere l'argomento; on the subject of, a proposito di; to get onto a subject, arrivare a un argomento; entrare in un discorso; He's a subject for ridicule, è oggetto di scherno NOTA D'USO: -argument o topic?-
2 materia (di studio); disciplina: compulsory subjects, materie (di studio) obbligatorie; subsidiary subject, materia complementare (all'università); Chemistry is my favourite subject, la chimica è la mia materia preferita; DIALOGO-Before an exam- History's my weakest subject, and I'm worried, that's all, la storia è la materia in cui vado peggio e sono preoccupata, questo è tutto; DIALOGO-School- What subjects did you have at school today?, che materie avevi oggi a scuola?
3 suddito; cittadino: rulers and subjects, governanti e sudditi; He is a British subject, è cittadino britannico
4 (form.) causa; motivo; occasione: a subject for great sorrow, una causa di grande dolore; I'll give you no subject for complaint, non vi darò motivo di lagnarvi di me
5 (bot., zool.) esemplare
6 (med.) cadavere (per sala anatomica)
7 (med., psic.) soggetto: a nervous subject, un soggetto nervoso
8 (mus.) tema (di una sonata, ecc.)
subject catalogue, catalogo per soggetto (in una biblioteca) □ (fisc.) a subject for taxation, un soggetto d'imposta □ subject-heading, voce di indice □ subject matter, argomento; contenuto; oggetto; tema; materia □ (ass.) the subject matter insured, la cosa assicurata □ one's fellow-subjects, i propri concittadini.
(to) subject /səbˈdʒɛkt/
v. t.
1 assoggettare; soggiogare; sottomettere: to subject a nation to one's rule, assoggettare una nazione al proprio potere; soggiogare una nazione
2 (anche tecn.) sottoporre; esporre: Iron must be subjected to a special process to become steel, il ferro deve essere sottoposto a un processo speciale per diventare acciaio; to subject sb. to ill-treatment, sottoporre q. a maltrattamenti
3 (med.) predisporre: His weakness subjected him to many diseases, la sua debolezza lo predisponeva a molte malattie
to subject oneself, esporsi; sottomettersi: Don't subject yourself to ridicule [to criticism], non esporti al ridicolo [alle critiche].
* * *
I ['sʌbdʒɪkt]
nome
1) (topic) soggetto m., argomento m.

to change o drop the subject cambiare argomento, lasciare cadere l'argomento; to raise a subject sollevare una questione; while we're on the subject of... — visto che siamo in tema di

2) (at school, college) materia f.; (for research, study) soggetto m.

her subject is genetics — è specializzata in genetica

3) art. fot. soggetto m.
4) (focus)

to be the subject of an inquiry — essere l'oggetto di un'inchiesta

5) ling. soggetto m.
6) (citizen) suddito m. (-a)
II ['sʌbdʒɪkt]
aggettivo
1) (subservient) [people, race] asservito, sottomesso
2) (obliged to obey)

to be subject to — essere soggetto a [law, rule]

3) (liable)

to be subject to — essere soggetto a [flooding, fits]; essere assoggettabile a [tax]

prices are subject to increases — i prezzi possono subire aumenti

flights are subject to delay — i voli possono subire ritardi

4) (dependent)

to be subject to — dipendere da [approval]

"subject to alteration" — "soggetto a variazioni"

"subject to availability" — (of flights, tickets) "in base alla disponibilità"; (of goods) "salvo venduto"

III [səb'dʒekt]
verbo transitivo
1) (expose)

to subject sb. to — esporre qcn. a [insults]; sottoporre qcn. a [stress]

to be subjected to — dover sopportare [noise]; essere oggetto di [attacks]; essere sottoposto a [torture]

to subject sth. to heat — esporre qcs. al calore

2) lett. (subjugate) sottomettere [race, country]

English-Italian dictionary. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • subject — ► NOUN 1) a person or thing that is being discussed, studied, or dealt with. 2) a branch of knowledge studied or taught. 3) Grammar the word or words in a sentence that name who or what performs the action of the verb. 4) a member of a state… …   English terms dictionary

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